Edited Books


The Production and Consumption of Music in the Digital Age

(Forthcoming) Routledge - Studies in Human Geography Series

Brian J. Hracs, Michael Seman & Tarek Virani


Songs remain the same, but how and where they are made, shared and experienced is changing. The roles and practices of record labels, independent musicians and music professionals are evolving and a new interconnected sonic ecosystem of cities, scenes, venues, festivals, record shops, and online communities is emerging. The Production and Consumption of Music in the Digital Age brings together 22 international scholars to identify and make sense of these developments. Drawing on research from a diverse range of North American and European cities such as London, Los Angeles, Amsterdam, Berlin, Pittsburgh, Toronto, Paris, and Indianapolis, this volume helps readers understand how the production and consumption of music is changing at multiple scales – from global firms to local entrepreneurs; and, in multiple settings – from established clusters to burgeoning scenes. The Production and Consumption of Music in the Digital Age is divided into six interrelated sections and offers an engaging and immersive look at today’s central players, processes, and spaces of music production and consumption. Students of geography, business, economics, and cultural studies will find this volume helpful in answering questions about how and where music is produced, financed, marketed, curated and distributed in the digital age.


Themes, Chapters & Contributors



  • Brian J. Hracs, Michael Seman & Tarek Virani: Call and response



  • Andrew Leyshon: A social experiment in the musical economy: Terra Firma, EMI, and calling creativity to account
  • Alexandre Frenette: Aging out, becoming jaded, and short career in the music business
  • Hans-Joachim Burkner: Exploring the “360 Degree” nebula: Strategic orientations by electronic indie labels facing digital-analogous market disorder
  • Michael Seman: Lander! Indianapolis! Brooklyn! London! The economic geography of Asthmatic Kitty Records



  • Laura Speers: London hip hop rappers as cultural entrepreneurs
  • Brian J. Hracs: Working harder and working smarter: The survival strategies of contemporary independent musicians
  • Joni Hayen: Hip-hop Tunity? Opportunities and challenges of indie hip-hop artists in the Dutch music industry
  • A.M.C. Brandellero and R. C. Kloosterman: Parallel art worlds? Commodifying ethnic diversity in the Paris world music scene in the digital age



  • David Arditi: Disturbing production: The effects of digital music production on music studios
  • Allan Watson: Recording music in the digital age: the changing work places and practices of recording engineers



  • Johan Jansson and Jimi Nilsson: Artists and temporary spaces: the case of music festivals in Sweden
  • Jonathan R. Wynn: Handheld music festival: Staging digital experiences through online connectivity



  • Tom Bell, Ola Johansson, and Margaret Gripshover: Are modern musical performances affected by technological change? Evidence from selected venues in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Nashville, Tennessee
  • Tarek Virani: The hardening of local music scenes: A case study of Dalston, east London
  • Giacomo Bottà: Meet the redeveloper on the dance-floor: Popular music and temporary uses



  • Tyler Sonnichsen: Emotional landscapes and the evolution of vinyl record retail: A case study of Highland Park, Los Angeles
  • Bastian Lange: Journalists in the music industry: De-professionalisation by algorithms?
  • Andy C. Pratt: Sustaining music: Technologies and rights